Germany has decided to have their Federal Government pay 100% of the tuition for their citizens to go to college (to include the fees and books, but not housing). This has several people getting all worked up (Senator Bernie Sanders i’m looking at you…) saying “Why can’t the US do this?”
Simple answer, we could. Just as we could pay off everyones credit card this year. The question is not could we, but if we did, what would the cost be and is this a good use of tax money?
Lets start with some simple facts that “strike debt” won’t talk about (they claim the US could do this for $13 billion a year).
1) Colleges and Universities in the US spent $531 billion in 2013 according to the Department of Education. (this is what they spent, to include the “for profit” colleges like University of Phoenix)
2) Much of that was funded by the State and Federal government (about 67%), the rest made up from donations (22%) and the remaining from tuition.
3) Labor cost is the highest single % of cost for Public/State Colleges (28%), Second highest for private Colleges (24%) and fourth highest cost at “for profit” schools (19%).
4) The Federal and State government also helps cover the cost of tuition with direct payments (Pell Grants, GI Bill, Work-Study) and indirect payments (tax credits for tuition) This works out to about 14% of the total spending by colleges, leaving the student paying the remaining 5% of tuition cost. (not counting meals and housing).
So, out of the $531 billion, state and federal is currently paying for $431 billion directly or indirectly. Students paying $27 billion, and private donations covering the $73 billion.
IF the Fed took over all tuition for students, I don’t see donations staying at the same level. After all most are “sold” to donors as helping lower the cost to needy students who won’t be needy any more.
Lets guess they will be cut by 2/3rds. So $46 billion not being donated any more. This also assumes that states won’t reduce their current share either.
To cover the cost, over $74 billion would be needed. Do able, yes. But would it be a good use of tax money? I’m not thinking we are getting value currently with the for profit colleges that suck up a lot of GI Bill funds and never graduate vets. This would be in addition to the current Department of Education budget and would move total spending by the DoED to just under the Department of Ag (the fourth largest part of the Federal budget).
What is of concern, is an accounting trick the Fed Gov uses. Every loan that is made to students by the Feds is counted as an “asset” of the Fed’s, and subtracted from the “debts” to get the total balance or what is known as the “deficit”. Stop adding $26 to $30 billion in student loans to the Fed’s “asset” list and we see the deficit growing by both $76 billion in new spending and $26 billion in “lost assets”.
The good/bad News!
The good news: I am not going to Afghanistan any more.
The bad news: I am not going to Afghanistan any more.
The Good News: The official term is “De-Ramped/De-Mobed”. The short and sweet is that the Army decided that it did not want me. So my orders have been ended (they had verbiage that said “activated for 400 days unless extended or reduced.”) and i’ve been sent home.
The Bad News: I’ve been sent home and did not get deployed.
As with most things in life, the good things and bad things often are the same. Just Point of View out looks.
The good side is that i’m not going to be part of a retrograde operation in a hostile combat zone with an ascending level of violence and decreasing levels of Security Forces. The US is removing security forces at a very fast rate and turning areas over to the Afghanistan Nationals. The result is in the back pages of the news: increased attacks on US forces, increased attacks on pro-US government forces, growth in the Taliban and Al-Quieda groups.
Retrograde (removal, with draw, retreat under fire) operations are the hardest and most dangerous. You are pulling back from an area, reducing the number of people in the area. At some point the number of good guys gets lower than the number of bad guys and the bad guys often choose to attack then. As you pull back you turn over more area to the other side and increase the area they have to hide/move in. While at the same time reduce your area to move/hide in.
But i’m not going to be part of that. I will be back here in the US where 99% of the nation has forgotten about the war and would be happy to see the military gutted personal wise (but lets keep those over priced equipment deals going, cough, F-35 cough).
But I will get to be with the family. I’ll be home and with my wife and kids.
The bad is that I could have gone over but due to a series of events at the Pre-Mob site, I was pulled off the mission. (I was not the only one, but i’m the one responsible for my choices and low ratings in training.) This means that I’m not going to be getting paid as an E-8 full time on Active Duty. I will be going back to my civilian job, which pays far less than the Army. (about 45% of what the Army paid) To make the difference I’ll need to pick up a lot of Over Time.
I will also lose my “single payer” health care and go back to our old health care. it won’t be much change other than I get to start paying for it again. (Officially it will go from $0 a month to $300 a month a 300% increase.)
Prior to being mobilized, we incurred some extra expenses that we expected to cover with the 60%ish pay raise over the year deployment. This depleted our savings and we have not fully refilled it yet. So that is going to take a long time to do now. (and a lot of OT)
We also had a lot of “plans” (nice words for dreams and visions of lots of money) for when I got home in October 2014. All those timelines have to be scrapped. (not given up, just not going to happen in November 2014) It will mean a lot of cutbacks on spending.
I also have to find a new unit for my remaining Army Reserve time. Officially i’m still assigned to the unit in Parkersburg. “just” a five hour one way drive. (as opposed to Wheeling which is six and half). Now I hope to find some place that will take me, an E-8 who has never deployed, that is with in 70 miles of the house in Louisville for the remaining time I’m in.
How long will I be in the Army Reserves? The max i’m allowed is 10 more years. However, starting 2014, my records will be reviewed annually and the Army will decide if they still need me or if it would be better to make me retire to open a space for someone new/younger. I’m not going to get promoted, not now that I did not deploy. Being this high up in rank and no deployment is not a good thing. People question how did you manage not to deploy when your career includes: Panama, Desert Storm, Bosnia, Somalia, Iraq, Afghanistan? They immediately question where you have been ‘hiding’. And when you consider that many have deployed multiple times in the last ten years…Yeah, promotion is not likely, staying in is going to be a fight.
But back to the good news: I’m home with my family, and they love me still.
I helped save over $1,200 of tax payer money last night!
One of my part time jobs is with a private ambulance service in a major city. Most of our work is moving people from one medical center to another. (from an Emergency Department to a nursing home or from a community Emergency Department to one that has the specialist or rooms for the patient.)
As a result most of the people using this service are on Medicare or Medicaid (50% or so) or uninsured (10% or so). Ambulances are not cheep. If you have ever used one you have seen that.
There are three levels of care in the area I’m in, and in the four different states i’ve done private ambulance work in. (the army moves you about a lot so you get a look at how different states do things)
The first level is ‘ATS': Alternative Transport Service or “Wheelchair Van”. This is mostly people who can’t walk far or at all who need to go home from the hospital or to a nursing home after a surgery. They don’t need much help medically and most drivers are not Paramedics or EMT’s, they just get CPR trained and how to work the lift. Not a lot of training to get, and often they are paid a bit less than an EMT. (Here they start at $9.50 per hour) The cost for this service is ruffly $50 plus a $3.75 per mile charge from where you start to where you end.
The second level is “Basic Life Support” Ambulance. Here is a real ambulance, but just a basic level of medical care. Oxygen, splinting, monitoring of vitals, and other basic care as allowed by the state you are in. One driver and one person in the back with the patient. These two are trained at least to the EMT Basic level of Emergency Care. Requires a State certification and continuing education to maintain it. The cost for this service starts at about $350, more if Oxygen is used, or other equipment, as well as the per mile charge which here runs $6.25. (Here we see EMT-Basic’s start around $10 to $10.50 an hour)
The third level is “Advanced Life Support” Ambulance. Here the patient is getting a Paramedic providing care/support. They may be receiving medication in transport, IV, Cardiac Monitor, ventilation, etc. All the “cool” stuff you see on TV, but more likely what the person had in their hospital room going with them. (even the machine that goes “BING”). Again you will have two people in the ambulance, one at minimum is a Paramedic, the other often is an EMT-Basic. This service starts at $950, more if equipment and medication is used on top of the per mile charge. (Here a Paramedic will start at $14 per hour).
Now, how did I “save” tax payers money? Two calls last night came in as “ALS” because the patient was receiving fluids through an IV. Which meets the requirement for ALS. On arrival the fluid was about done and the Nurse was going to change out a new bag. I asked if the fluid was needed for the 20 minute trip and he said no the receiving hospital could hang it there. Since there was now no fluid hanging, it no longer meet the standard for ALS, but rather BLS. I let the nurse know this and he was not aware that there was a price difference.
When we came back for the second trip, same set up but this time the nurse planned ahead and ended the IV fluid. Making the trip BLS. Both patients were on Medicaid.
I hope this will develop a longer term savings because I explained to the nurse team and doctor at this standalone Emergency Department the rules for pricing and care. The nurse I dealt with said he would be more aware of transport decisions for level of care. You can send a person with an IV Lock (an IV without fluids running) for short transports as a basic run and $600 less. If you are just sending the patient with fluids running for the only reason of keeping the IV open – preventing clotting of the catheter- it becomes ALS. Short trips don’t need the IV bag flowing, so why not keep costs low?
If we could get more Health Care providers to consider the cost before ordering something, we could see lower costs.
I’ve sent the following letter to several papers and the cc at the end:
An Open letter to the Citizens of New York and its government;
I am William V Kone, the seventh generation to be born in Tompkins County New York. Because of Military Service, I have not lived in New York for over half my life. In that time I kept my residency in New York because I always planed on returning when I retired. I have now given up that hope and my residency.
It only seems fair to give the reason for this decision to sever ties with a State that my family has been an active part of since 1794. The final act by the government of New York that has caused this is the recent passing of yet another anti-firearm law. That is the last straw.
For years I let NYS tax my income even while stationed in other states, paid the high fees to register and inspect my cars, paid high property taxes, struggled though excessive regulations, and begged for permission to own a firearm even though it is a right listed in the Constitution I have sworn to protect and defend.
But no more. The recent oppressive law will not allow me to bring home my firearms, will make me a felon for a “violent” crime of having empty magazines (a “crime” that only exists in 5 other states), prohibit me from ever giving my firearms to my daughters, restrict my ability to protect my family, and make it a crime to have more than 7 bullets for my daughters to protect themselves with.
That was too much. On top of all the other issues, the high taxes on income, the high sales taxes, high property taxes, excessive rules on land use, restrictions on building homes, large number of fees and fines, high crime rates, the high cost of living, and low quality of roads and services this law and the new ones being proposed to take away all semi-auto rifles is too much.
Some of you are saying “good riddance, we don’t need your type here anyways”. I’m sorry you feel that way, New York is losing a stable family that is highly educated, hard working, has a history of public service. No more will I pay taxes to NYS, sales, income or any fees. I won’t be setting up a business after I retire in New York. My kids are not likely to go to college in NYS or get jobs here.
New York is losing a firefighter/Paramedic, Emergency Manager, and military vet in me, and an Industrial Engineer and Minister in my spouse. We won’t be building our dream home that generates property tax, we wont be earning income in New York to be taxed on, we won’t be paying the high cost of living that generates sales taxes.
We will be retiring to some place that respects our Constitutional listed rights, that does not treat us as sources of funding for others, that provides good service for the taxes they do collect, and is more responsive to the voters. (and able to budget with out massive debt servicing). We are looking at Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana and New Hampshire.
We will still visit, just not as often, or need to as more of the family moves out of state. I would urge others to look at how the state treats you, and consider moving. If you do, write the Governor and state officials, let them know why and what the state is losing when you do.
To the Citizens of New York, We live in a Republic, we don’t have to stay where we are not wanted or are treated badly. Other states are excited to have firearm owners who will work hard and are good neighbors.
To the government of New York, repealing this recent bad law won’t get me to return. The state needs to make fundamental changes. It can’t keep treating working citizens as piggy banks to be taxed, fee’ed and fined at will to fund inefficient unneeded programs. It shouldn’t and can’t keep restricting the basic rights of the Citizens of New York. You don’t own us, we will leave.
William V Kone, BSc, NREMT-P
currently serving in US Military in a unit in Wheeling WV.
Former tax payer and resident of the Town of Caroline, Tompkins county.
cc: Governor Cuomo; LT Gov. Duffy; Comptroller DiNapoli; AG Schneiderman; Sectary Perales; Sen. Seward; Assembly Woman Lifton; Mayor Myrick; Supervisor Barber
Mayor Myrick and Supervisor Barber are outspoke gun haters. Barber is well known for calling all semi-automatic rifles “automatic machine-guns” or “rapid fire automatic guns”. I doubt it will do much, this letter, but i’m hoping others will see this and give thought to leaving. I don’t think NY will change. The system is to stacked to keep the existing power mad representatives in power.
People say you should not post about hot topics or such. But I feel the need to put public a conversation I’ve had with a pro-gun-control advocate. To be fair, it was the most rational conversation i’ve had in the last few days.
My argument was that most of the gun control ideas being pushed would result in a defacto gun ban. No they would not ban all guns, but the ideas if enacted would result in fewer people being able to own guns, and that this was the short term goal. The long term goal is total ban. The writer said he had ideas that did not do this, but were rational and would have prevented the murders in Connecticut. (his comments are in italics, my answers in normal. His posts were in two grouping’s, i’ve put my answers in between as if it was a conversation.)
1. All Firearms sold, resold, or gifted here on must be Registered.
1) you want to create a national registry of every weapon a citizen owns and track that ownership as a way to prevent crimes? In other nations the national registry was used to confiscate weapons (Australia, New Zealand, France, etc) or to target minority citizens (Rwanda, Turkey, Kosovo – by the Serbs). New Jersey used its registry to go after “assault” weapons which it made illegal with out a grandfather clause till the courts ruled otherwise. I don’t see how this will prevent what happened here, as the weapons were all registered with the state.
2. All people Purchasing Firearms Must have a License.
2) License requirements are specifically designed to restrict ownership. They ad additional costs to the ownership of what ever is licensed, allow additional restrictions on the use of the items licensed, and turn a right into a privilege granted by the government. This makes it much harder to afford to buy, driving low income people out of the market, it also adds an expense in time to jump through hoops to get, costing more money in lost wages. Further depriving low income people of the right to buy. In addition, Conn required all owners to hold a license, which the owner did hold.
3. To get a license one needs to complete a NRA level qualification course.
3) Would this be for each weapon? Or just one? Even then, all this does is raise the cost to own a weapon, depriving low income families of the ability to have effective means to defend themselves. It also makes it hard for average people to meet this requirement which would restrict access even more. All this serves is to increase the cost of ownership to a point that prohibits all but the wealthy access. It is not cheep to give up two days for a 16 hour basic course, in my case that would mean $240 less in earnings on top of the cost of the course which is not cheep. Oh, and in Conn, the owner had taken several gun safety courses along with her sons.
4. To get a concealed permit, or license to distribute firearms, you need liability insurance.
4) Insurance for liability is also another way to raise the cost of ownership. What would be insured against? That you as a owner misbehaved with the weapon? (you are liable under crimal law and civil law now.) Or that it is to cover the cost of defending yourself/family in court when you do use the weapon to save your loved one’s lives? (being sued by the attacker is not uncommon, how much more common if they know you have access to money?) The wealthy won’t have a problem coming up with the $200 a year but many gun owners will.
5. All states must coordinate and share databases on Firearms registration and gun crime.
5) Having the Federal Government take over what the States currently do is an interesting argument, it would force the four states that don’t require State registration to start, and would allow the Fed Gov to have a complete idea of who owns what. (at least those who follow the law.) Which I point back to #1. Currently the FBI tracks gun crimes, granted there is no requirement that all police departments submit crime reports to the FBI but it is around 95% now. Still not seeing how that would prevent this other than we could be sure that the FBI is informed of the crime.
6. Converting a weapon to fully automatic requires a special license.
6) That is already the law. In fact, merely owning the parts to make such a conversion is illegal with out special permission.
7. Adequete incentives need to be provided to bring in and register existing firearms not already in the system.
7) Well if you’re going to do #1, this would be a good idea. But I like to point out that “incentives” when used by the government seldom are friendly and often are expensive.
8. “Assualt” style weapons will be deleted as a category of weaponry. Automatic, Not Automatic, Shot Gun, and barrel length are the only Categorizations necessary for detailing levels of Licenses available.
8) I could go with this one. Automatic, Non-Automatic, Shot Gun. I like that. Right now we only have Automatic, Rifle, Pistol, Shotgun. It would end the non-sense that Ms. Feinstein is pushing with her AWB law (that uses type of stock, color, and cosmetic features for her ban). However you slip in another thing here: “the only categorizations necessary for detailing levels of Licenses” your licensing plan would have levels. Each one would result in more cost, more training, more fees and less access for the non wealthy.
Four of the eight ideas you would like to see, would reduce the ability of average people to own weapons. Not directly by law, but by cost. This is what I mean by a defacto gun ban. Each would increase the amount of time and money to be able to buy a weapon that could be used effectively to protect your family. Sort of like saying “you can use all the pot you want, just pay the tax. Except the tax is $200,000 an ounce.” See no ban here.
Three of the eight really just enforce the first four. (and adding a cost borne by the tax payers or will require fees in addition to cover the cost)
It could be argued that five of these ideas are currently law in Conn, and did nothing to stop the crime. In the last several shootings these laws were already on the books. Even still, 6 is the law.
These are slightly different from what I have seen as “reasonable” but they still result in making it harder and more expensive to own firearms, driving current gun owners to give them up due to the cost and preventing new gun owners from coming in. This is what I oppose. I am for lowering the cost of entry, making it easier to have new people join in. (though lately at the range it has been very crowded, and at times I miss the old days when hardly anyone came.)
Raising the cost is a defacto ban. It just hurts the low income hardest.
His response to my answers was:
My Driver’s License cost $34, my car cost $20,000. Trust me, the license didn’t prevent me from buying a car.
Driver Licenses cost less vs the value of the car. In NYS,[where the writer is from] to get a permit it cost around $95, plus $5 each time you want to make a change to your permit, plus the processing fee which varies by county. You spend close to $200 for the first gun just to get the permit. (you have to cover the cost of the Fingerprint check, back ground check, taxes, etc)
When you look at the cost of a gun, say $250, spending $200 to get a permit to buy the $250 gun becomes more of a concern. (add in the time needed to complete the process means loss of work time. I had to take two half day’s off each time I wanted to buy a firearm to get the coupon and permit amended.) Now if the permit was $34 every two years that would be different. But that is the problem. Pro-gun control advocates want to make it harder for people to get guns. They can’t pass laws to ban them outright, but can make it so people are less likely to make the effort because it cost so much in time and money.
This is why NY has such low rates of gun ownership, the cost is to high to get in and with the additional requirements (where you can carry, what you can shoot at, where you can shoot, what ammo you can own, etc) The result is even if you own a weapon, you can’t do much with it so why bother with the cost.
Yes, it is a restriction on my right to own, which is the goal. I don’t like that this is the case and is why I fight against it. I work three part time jobs to make ends meet, and $200+ a year to be allowed to own what I own, in addition to some of the other ideas you said you would like, could turn this into $800 a year or more. (Training, insurance, taxes, transfer fees, etc)
What happens when I end up with the choice of paying the fees/taxes/license or paying rent? I have to give up my firearms. We have to eat, I might not need to defend my family again. Because of money I play the odds and hope that no one will try to attack me and mine. In the mean time I’ve had to give up family history.
I’m not sure this is a good reply to a pro-gun control advocate, but I think it makes clearer what these “reasonable” ideas are aimed at. Reducing the number of people who have access to guns.
I have been asked about these “secede” from the US petitions on the white house web page.
All these petitions do is get a response from the White House. That will go something like this: “Thank you for your interest in the workings of the government. We take pride in responding to the questions and requests from the general public. But after careful consideration we will be unable to comply with your request.”
I would answer these petitions like this:
“You anti-American scum who hate the Constitution and this Nation so much that you would destroy this Nation that I and millions others have fought to defend. Get Bent. You are less than 1% of the Nation’s population, have expressed your opinion, and you are wrong. You would destroy this Nation because you are not getting your way rather than working to fix things. My two year old is better behaved than you. You may hate this Nation, hate the Constitution, but fortunately 99.8% of America does not.”
See, what these people want is to rip apart these United States because they do not like the result of an election. One election did not go the way they wanted so now they want to tear apart this Nation. The same people who will be the first to say they love America, are the people demanding to take their state and leave. These are people who hate the US and the idea that anyone other than them should have a say in how this Nation is run. When they don’t get their way or don’t like the rules everyone has to live under they demand special treatment at the same time complaining that others are getting special treatment. These are the people who will complain about everything and are never happy unless they are the one in charge and no one else has any say.
They are not part of America that loves this Nation and upholds and defends the Constitution.
It is veterans day. I always feel weird when someone thanks me for having had the privilege of serving the nation. Some of this is from the fact that I have served, but I have been paid for that service. I was/am just doing the job I volunteered to do and have been paid for.
After all, do you thank the dustman for picking up your trash? Do you thank the casher at the store for ringing you up? Or the highway worker for filling in pot holes? Not normally because you say “they were paid for their work and they chose to take that job.”
I know, I know, military service is different to some extent. It is more along the lines of Police and Fire/EMS service. Maybe the thanks is some understanding that this voluntary service has some higher risk than other employment.
Lastly, I feel weird when I get thanked because serving is a privilege. Not everyone is allowed to serve. In fact I would not be allowed to join the military today because of something that happened to me when I was 8 years old. Only a select number of people get to serve. And it saddens me that so few over all even try to see if they can serve. Being thanked for being allowed to serve feels weird also.
I appreciate that I will be thanked. It has been a privilege to serve. But if I don’t seem thrilled to be thanked, this is why.